Logarithms

Site: TBAISD Moodle
Course: Michigan Algebra II Preview 2012
Book: Logarithms
Printed by: Guest user
Date: Sunday, July 5, 2020, 03:03 AM

Table of contents

Graphing

Since logarithms and exponentials are inverse functions, the graphs will follow the inverse function rules. When graphing logarithmic functions, the values of x and y switch. Therefore, the graphs are reflections across the line y = x.

logGraphIntro

Typically, when graphing a new function, it is easiest to start with a table of values. Unfortunately for logarithmic functions, it is difficult to select input values and much easier to look at the inverse function.



Example

Graph the function logGraphEx1-1

Step 1. Switch the values of x and y and transform the log to exponential form.

logGraphEx1-3

Step 2. Make a table of values for the exponential function.

logGraphEx1-3

Step 3. The table above is the inverse of the one needed so switch the input and output. This will create a set of ordered pairs that models the function logGraphEx1-1 .

logGraphEx1-4


Step 4. Graph the function.

logGraphEx1-5

Step 5. State the Domain & Range.

The x-values are approaching an asymptote at x = 0 and the y-values can be any number.


logGraphEx1-6





Transformations

The transformations of functions that were presented in the Families of Functions unit also apply to logarithmic functions. The following list shows how the patterns apply to logarithms.

  1. ExpTransform1 translates the graph a units up; asymptote at x = 0

  2. ExpTransform2 translates the graph a units down; asymptote at x = 0

  3. ExpTransform3 translates the graph a units right; asymptote at x = a.

  4. ExpTransform4translates the graph a units left; asymptote at x = -a.

  5. ExpTransform5 reflects the graph across the x-axis; asymptote at x = 0.

  6. ExpTransform6reflects the graph across the y-axis; asymptote at x = 0.


Video Lesson

To learn how to graph log functions, select the following link:

Graphing Logarithmic Functions

Interactive Activity

Graphing Logarithmic and Exponential Functions

Guided Practice

To solidify your understanding of transformations of logarithmic and exponential graphs, visit the following link to Holt, Rinehart, and Winston Homework Help Online. It provides examples, video tutorials and interactive practice with answers available. The Practice and Problem Solving section has two parts. The first part offers practice with a complete video explanation for the type of problem with just a click of the video icon. The second part offers practice with the solution for each problem only a click of the light bulb away.

Guided Practice

Practice

Graphing Log Functions Worksheet

Video Lesson:

To learn how to graph log functions, view the following video:

Answer Key

Graphing Log Functions Answer Key

Sources

Sources used in this book:

"Graphing Logarithms and Exponentials." http://www.ltcconline.net/greenl/java/IntermedCollegeAlgebra/LogGra ph/logGraph.html (accessed 7/13/2010).

Holt, Rinehart & Winston, "Exponential and Logarithmic Functions." http://my.hrw.com/math06_07/nsmedia/homework_help/alg2/alg2_ch 07_07_homeworkhelp.html (accessed 7/13/2010).

Holt, Rinehart & Winston, "Transforming Logarithmic Functions." http://my.hrw.com/math06_07/nsmedia/lesson_videos/alg2/player.ht ml?contentSrc=7158/7158.xml (accessed 7/13/2010).

Embracing Mathematics, Assessment & Technology in High Schools; a Michigan Mathematics & Science Partnership Grant Project